Learn How A Car's Drive Train Works



When it comes to a basic understanding of how your car runs, knowledge about your drivetrain is essential. A drivetrain isn't just one part; rather, it is made up several parts that work together to compose a system which helps to produce locomotion if needed. Different drivetrains are designed for varying purposes, and just like with other automobile systems, it's important that you understand which type of drivetrain your car is utilizing so that you can use the vehicle for its intended purpose. Here is a brief description of how the main types of car drivetrain systems work.

A Sum of Parts

You can think of a drivetrain as a sum of parts, excluding a car's engine, that make the vehicle move. Basically, when your foot presses down on the accelerator, your vehicle's drivetrain is activated, and the car should move forward or backward, depending on which gear you're in. There are four basic types of drivetrain that you should be aware of. They are front-wheel (FWD), rear-wheel (RWD), all-wheel (AWD), and four-wheel (4x4) or (4WD). Let's look at how they each work.

1. As the name implies, a car's power is generated by the two front wheels with a front-wheel drive (FWD) train. In this setup, the front wheels provide locomotion, and they also steer. Power comes through a differential, which sends the power through two half-shafts to the vehicle’s wheels. These types of drivetrains work well in icy conditions.

2. Power is generated by the back wheels in a rear-wheel drive (RWD) vehicle. Here again, a differential plays an essential role in distributing power using half-shafts to the back wheels. Cars with this type of drivetrain are typically not designed for snow and ice.

3. In an all-wheel drive (AWD) vehicle, all four wheels receive power. There are four differentials in this type of drivetrain that enable this function.

4. A four-wheel drive (4WD) vehicle functions much the same as an all-wheel drive car, but the system is typically more durable because these vehicles are often designed to travel in rough terrain and off-road conditions.


Which is Best for You?

Now that you know a little bit more about the types of drivetrain, you can decide which is best for you when you make your next car purchase. If a Chrysler vehicle is on your radar, drivetrain knowledge will benefit you as you move forward in the buying process. Roberts CDJR is a Chrysler dealer in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and you're sure to find a vehicle that will ultimately fit into your lifestyle from our dealership. Visit www.dodgeofpryor.com for more information.

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